Facts about the state of the world

The list of developments with disastrous effects to the planet is long and growing daily. The facts listed here, published by reputable scientific sources, are not meant to be exhaustive and are incomplete even in terms of the ‘most significant changes’ occurring; but they have been selected to give a first impression of what is going on.

– Every day, the acidification of the seas rises. This causes a chain reaction of chemical and biological changes, which among other things, destroy shellfish, a substantial component of the food chain for the fish population that still exists.

http://worldoceanreview.com/wp-content/downloads/wor1/WOR1_Kapitel_2.pdf

– Every day, around 55,000 hectares of forest are destroyed.

These figures are based on studies conducted by FAO (FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS) in 2010 and 2018.

Note that the FAO measures a net change in forest areas, where forest losses are offset against forest gains. Therefore, these figures do not reflect the actual, absolute forest loss.

https://www.cluster-forstholzbayern.de/de/component/jem/event/13-fao-tag-des-waldes

– Every day, at least 70 animal species disappear.

This figure, which equates to 3 species per hour, is based on an estimate by the biodiversity expert E.O. Wilson of Harvard University, whose opinion is considered conservative by his peers. In general, the mortality rate is assumed to be 1,000 to 10,000 times faster than the natural process of evolution (see also update of the International Red List of the World Conservation Union (IUCN) of December 2017).

– Every day, the desert grows by 192 km² which is 70,000 km² per year, the equivalent land mass as Ireland.

– In Germany alone, around 62 hectares of land every day are designated as settlement and traffic areas and made available for sale. This impacts directly on this land being available to animal and plant life, water storage and filtration, as well as agricultural use.

Only 12 percent of the earth’s surface can be used for agricultural purposes; the restoration of fertile soil, for example for the production of food, is unimaginably time-consuming and much more expensive than previously thought, because fertile soils are the result of long physical, chemical and biological processes: It takes 200 to 300 years for one centimetre to re-form.

https://www.bmu.de/themen/wasser-abfall-boden/bodenschutz-und-altlasten/bodenschutz-und-altlasten-worum-geht-es/Wasserspeicherung

https://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/ifosd_2014_03_7.pdf

– Every day, 112,000,000 tons of CO² are released into the air by industry, combustion engines and meat production. Tendency: rising!

https://www.zeit.de/wissen/umwelt/2017-11/co2-ausstoss-anstieg-klimawandel-fossile-brennstoffe-global-carbon-project

– In 2017 there were 446 nuclear reactors worldwide.

Each reactor produces 20 to 30 tons of highly radioactive nuclear waste per year.

In Germany alone, the volume of particularly hazardous waste is growing by around 230 tonnes a year, despite the phase-out of nuclear energy. When the last nuclear power plant in Germany is taken off the grid in 2022, the nuclear companies will have accumulated around 15,000 tonnes of highly radioactive waste.

– Every day around 25,000 tons of waste (10 million per year) is dumped into the oceans, 75 percent of which is plastic.

https://www.nabu.de/natur-und-landschaft/meere/muellkippe-meer/muellkippemeer.html

– Every year the temperature rises and every year the sea level rises, but not in a linear fashion. This makes exact data difficult to obtain.

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=16&cad=rja&uact=8&

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjCn7P38czdAhUFWsAKHWwCArgQFjAAegQIABAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwiki.bildungsserver.de%2Fklimawandel%2Findex.php%2FAktuelle_Klima%25C3%25A4nderungen&usg=AOvVaw1vdF-6SLXKHarwNMAzuBIC

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=16&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwiOls-m88zdAhWSF8AKHTUmDksQFjAPegQIBBAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.zeit.de%2Fwissen%2Fumwelt%2F2018-02%2Fklimawandel-meeresspiegel-anstieg-doppelt-schnell-prognosen-satellitendaten&usg=AOvVaw3dmrXzyHcqdhDWHLVMP4O0

According to cautious and preliminary estimates, by 2100 the temperature will rise somewhere between 1.8 to 4 degrees and sea levels by 65 centimeters.

– Every year the top of the distribution pyramid shifts further and further in favour of an ever shrinking group of people. At present, one percent of the earth’s 7.5 billion inhabitants own half of its material and monetary assets. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&ved=2ahUKEwjL-pyp9czdAhVtx4UKHQ1ODg4QFjAHegQIAhAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fdenkraum.wordpress.com%2F2017%2F11%2F15%2Fglobal-wealth-report-2017-1-besitzen-501-des-weltweiten-privatvermoegens%2F&usg=AOvVaw1h_d7y91MCiE26BlfIEQGq

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=10&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjL-pyp9czdAhVtx4UKHQ1ODg4QFjAJegQIARAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.tagesschau.de%2Fausland%2Foxfam-studie-vermoegensverteilung-101.html&usg=AOvVaw3Fh8rWXyZo8-4cxbWFzM7E

– In 2018, only 16 percent of the world’s population live in highly developed countries

– Globally, more than 800 million people are starving and 2 billion suffer from malnutrition, in fact every ten seconds, a child dies of malnutrition.

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjojq-B_MzdAhXJCsAKHcGTBdgQFjAAegQICBAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.welthungerhilfe.de%2Fhunger%2F&usg=AOvVaw12MopFQ0TrWM_JCbarWom9

The vast majority of people starving globally, 98 percent, live in developing countries. Of these, approximately 511 million live in the Asia Pacific region and 232 million in Africa. However, the proportion of people starving in an average population is highest in Africa, at 20 percent.

– At the end of 2017, 68.5 million people globally were seeking asylum.

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwj-9LLd_MzdAhXKAcAKHSwFB5oQFjAAegQIABAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.uno-fluechtlingshilfe.de%2Ffluechtlinge%2Fzahlen-fakten%2F&usg=AOvVaw1uuV-RNt_SME-6h8DNBkcn

Genetically modified plants are currently cultivated on around 13 % of the world’s arable land; this type of production has an annual growth rate of around 3 % and contributes significantly to the growing use of herbicides, which make a significant contribution to species reduction in the animal world.

https://www.keine-gentechnik.de/dossiers/anbaustatistiken/

– Between 1996 and 2011, Greenland lost 280 billion tons of ice EACH YEAR, and the Antarctica, 120 billion.